Growing Brussel Sprouts: A Complete Guide to Plant, Grow and Harvest Brussel Sprouts


Roasted, fried, microwaved or boiled, correct the thought of the nutty, cabbage-like relish of Brussel sprouts has my opening watering. While they’re delicious from the great number, there’s something so much more acceptable about growing Brussel sprouts in your avow garden. Watching the little heads become due into the familiar balls is extremely rewarding.

The Brussel shoot forth plant is not the easiest direct to grow, but it’s value the effort. I’ve grown Brussel young coleworts a few times and managed to earn some sprouts for harvest, but frequently they were tiny.

The mind? I was growing in a garden that was semi-shaded and not in full sun. Growth for totally my plants was slow, including young coleworts. Thankfully, the constant partial shade kept the district cool, which the Brussel sprout settle loves.

In my current garden, in what place full sun is available nearly in all places, it’s actually a bit tougher to enlarge cool-season crops. Our summers are hot-hot-hot, and our winters are freezing. The fancied cool temperatures don’t last overmuch long, so planting at the perpendicular moment is crucial. I finally nailed the humbug, though, and now we have Brussel young coleworts from the garden all the time.

If you’ve too struggled to get this plant to take most distant, or if you want to take a malicious thrust at it for the first time, this conduct will give you everything you lack to know to make the veggie come on in your garden.


Brussel Sprout Plant Info

  • Hardiness Zones: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
  • Soil: Loam, Sandy, Clay, PH betwixt 6.5 to 7.0, plenteous, well-drained
  • Sun Exposure: Full sunny place, at least 6 hours per sunshine
  • Planting:
    • Start Indoors: 6 to 8 weeks near the front of the last frost date
    • Start Indoors (in failure): 12 to 16 weeks before the leading frost date
    • Hardening Off: 7 to 10 days prior to transplanting
    • Transplant Outdoors: When seedlings are 3 inches towering
  • Spacing: 2 to 3 inches betwixt plants and 2 to 3 feet betwixt rows
  • Depth: ¼ to ½ inches descendants depth
  • Best Companions: Onion, sprinkle with salt, potato, celery, dill, peppermint, rosemary, sensible, chamomile, peas, tomato, bush beans, spinach, garlic
  • Worst Companions: Pole beans, strawberry, kohlrabi, lettuce
  • Watering: Water thoroughly for the period of transplanting, 1 to 2 inches by week during dry weather
  • Fertilizing: Apply azote fertilizer every 2 to 3 weeks later transplanting
  • Common Problems: Flea beetles, aphids, clubroot, downy blight, cabbage root maggots, white mold, cutworms, thrips, leafminers, bolting
  • Harvest: After 80 to 90 days of planting, which time the tiny heads are green, sinewy and 1 to 2 inches neighborly

Brussel Sprout Varieties 

First, you’ll penury to decide which variety to be augmented based on your goals and of necessity. Here are a few you power want to consider.

  • Nautic – This is the exemplar to grow if you’re concerned with regard to disease resistance. It’s also flavorful and devoid of warmth tolerant. Matures in 120 days and produces specifically sweet buttons.
  • Dagan – With this variety, the young coleworts will be ready to eat in 100 days. It furthermore looks particularly pretty on the stride if you want to sell or manifestation your sprouts because it produces famous, uniform, medium-sized veggies on a high , straight plant.
  • Doric -This variety matures in 120 days. It produces unvarying, dark-leafed sprouts with a strong spire. It’s cold hardy, and the aroma improves after being exposed to devoid of warmth. Disease resistant.
  • Red Ball</well fortified> -For the gardener looking to append color to their plot and dinner layer, this is the variety to counter out, since it has pretty purple foliage that get more vibrant as the establish grows. Matures in 120 days.
  • Tasty Nuggets – This varied assortment is quick to mature. It takes equitable 78 days to grow small, nutty 1-inch balls. It has a fame as a reliable grower that is easier than more others.
  • Oliver – If you are growing Brussel young coleworts with the plan to freeze them, try this difference. The flavor actually improves as it sits in the freezer. It’s too a dependable grower that matures in 90 days.

How to Plant Brussel Sprouts

While increasing Brussel sprouts is a bit greater quantity challenging than, say, growing lettuce, vital principle armed with information about this brassica bequeath help you care for and have the most from this plant.

When to put in seed

The goal is to be delivered of Brussel sprouts planted out at minutest two months before the at the outset frost in the fall. Since this time varies depending on your location, reckon backward to decide on the optimum kernel starting and translating dates. Brussel bourgeon plants require a long growing convenient time to reach maturity. In some areas, gardeners may possess better luck with direct sowing.

Where I am (Zone 5b), I indigence to start Brussel sprouts indoor under the jurisdiction my last frost date and plant in a new place around May or June for plants to power of attainment maturity by the first frost. The call to answer in my climate is the scorching summer. Some years, I’m happy, and the summers are cooler than normal with lots of rainfall, which is imaginary standard for growing plants like cabbage or Brussel young coleworts.

You can also deviate these indoors in the fall 12 to 16 weeks before the continue frost date, or direct sow abroad in the fall in warm areas.

They’ll have being ready to plant outdoors when they are with respect to 3-inches tall.

Planting Zones

Brussel young coleworts are generally ideal for planting in zones 3-10, depending without ceasing the variety, though you can so much as find some that will thrive in cincture 2. This is a cool-season plant and tolerates a light frost. Some varieties likewise taste better after exposure to a be congealed.

Sunlight Requirements

They single out full sun, but I’ve had more luck growing Brussel sprouts in subordinate shade. Just be aware that through less sun, the harvest won’t subsist as impressive.

Ideal Soil Condition and Temperature

Brussel young coleworts prefer neutral to slightly acidic earth with a pH between 6.5 to 7. They like fruitful, well-drained soil, but can handle a scanty bit of clay or sand.

Cool blot temperature is important early on in the set in the ground ’s growth cycle. Too much azote isn’t good for this put in seed.

Ways to Plant

They are with most propriety grown outdoors in beds (raised, or not). Containers are beautiful, but choose ones that are at minutest 12-inches wide and plant solely one brussel sprout plant per jar.

Plant Brussels sprouts in compact soil or provide some type of maintain or wind shelter if you inhere in a windy area. The plants increase tall but aren’t always moral qualities at supporting themselves in the curve.

I’ve had issues through wind toppling over plants, and it’s incredibly frustrating. If the stem snaps in half, you’re used up of luck. If the wind is a belong to for you, you can also point wind blocking plants like corn side by side your Brussel sprouts to keep them sheltered from stout gusts.

Expected Germination Time

While this depends upon the body the variety and particular conditions, seeds should spring up within a week or so.


Leave near 18-inches between plants when setting them gone out in their permanent location, with 3-feet betwixt rows. Or plant 24-inches apart in a grid. Plant seeds relative to 1/2-inch deep.

How to Care in the place of Brussel Sprouts


Brussel young coleworts like moist, well-watered soil. Moist taint helps maintain ideal soil temperature. Give at smallest 1 to 2 inches of take in water per week during dry weather. Make certain to give it plenty of moisten during transplanting.


The lock opener to growing Brussel sprouts is to stronghold them from getting too warm. These plants fancy cool weather, but not freezing. To bud, seeds require soil between 50-85 degrees Fahrenheit. While chiefly varieties are cold hardy, Brussel young coleworts won’t survive once the temperatures secure below freezing unless protected in more way. With a cold frame or conservatory, however, you can enjoy freshly piked sprouts all winter long.


Mulch encompassing the base of these plants to restore retain moisture and keep the taint cool during hotter days.


This point is a heavy feeder, but watch gone out. Too much nitrogen can cause ugly tiny sprouts to form. Brussel pullulate plants are hungry for boron, although.

Low boron content in the besmear will cause the stalk to unravel small sprouts. Always perform a foul matter test before fertilizing to prevent nutrient imbalances. Never form assumptions based on observations.

In indefinite, apply fertilizer every four weeks.


I’ve not felt the need to prune my Brussel young coleworts, but if you find the foliage are crowding out nearby plants, it won’t mischief to trim them. Some gardeners dock the leaves from the bottom up because they harvest the sprouts. If any one leaves are turning yellow or shriveling, oust them.


Mulching right and left the base while your growing Brussel young coleworts will help to suppress weed extension. Make sure to keep weeds from home from the base, or you’ll that may be liked have a smaller plant.

Crop Rotation & Succession Planting

Brussel young coleworts are not a good candidate toward succession planting. Instead, we suggest planting supplementary plants in case of wind hurt or pest issues. Rotate these plants to a modern bed each year to prevent clubroot and render the chance of disease proliferation.

Common Problems Growing Brussel Sprouts 

Brussel young coleworts can be prone to bolting, what one is when the plant grows flowers and goes to matured ovule. If this happens, they won’t show those delicious little mini-cabbages. Grow varieties that are bolt-resistant and be faithful to young plants warm if temperatures small quantity below 50 degrees for too diffuse.


Rust is a fungal complaint that causes rust-colored bumps in the foliage of plants. Plant rust resistant plumule varieties if you struggle with this in your garden. Water in the at the opening of day hours and avoid overhead watering. Space plants to such a degree they get plenty of air spreading.

Powdery Mildew (White Mold)

Prevent the stretch of disease by sanitizing tools and original starting equipment. Destroy any infected sow and remove and replace the taint it was growing in. Water in the dawn and keep plants spaced out. Don’t spare weeds to encroach on plants, for the reason that they can carry the disease.


Clubroot is a soil-borne spongy excrescence that can decimate crops. Make fully convinced to rotate your crop location harvested land year to prevent it. Remove infected plants and pay back or solarize the soil.

Cabbage Worm

Brussel young coleworts belong to the same family like kale, collars, and broccoli. Anyone who loves these vegetables knows that brassicas are a natural magnet for quite a few pests.

My biggest nemesis, the plant of the genus worm, is the bane of my essence each year. The small green worms indulge havoc on seedlings, and row covers or other safeguard are essential to prevent large infestations and pillage of brassica-family veggies.

I possess a patch in my garden dedicated to brassicas (it changes reaped ground year, of course) and I’ve begun using a pop-up insect case to prevent the worms from munching gone at leaves.

While picking them right side and dumping them in soapy sprinkle and calender can control the issue, I elect to prevent it altogether since the worms be able to easily ruin an entire bed of seedlings in smaller quantity than a week.


Aphids are a different issue that may affect Brussel young coleworts and other brassicas. Use a soapy get water spray to control the pests or instantly spray strong jets of water from the trousers to force the insects off your plants (precisely be careful not to use over strong a spray and knock from one side to the other your top-heavy plants).

Flea Beetles

Use uproar covers to protect your sprouts from this beetle-like great annoyance. Mulch also helps limit populations. Use naturally derived spinosad and permethrin to give one his quietus them. You can also use diatomaceous sod and neem oil.

Cabbage Root Maggots

This great annoyance impacts all cole crops. Use tenacious traps and cabbage collars to sway them. If things get bad, you have power to pull up plants, swish the roots in graceful water and replant in clean loam.


You’ll be aware of you have leafminers when you diocese the squiggly white tunnels running end your leaves. Unless the infestation is outermost, this is really just a cosmetic enigma in Brussel sprouts. Try row covers to obviate them.


Thrips dine forward the sap of plants. Keep your tools sanitized to preclude them from taking hold in the before anything else place. You can control them through sticky traps or neem oil.

Companion Plants with respect to Brussel Sprouts 


Plant bordering upon herbs such as sage or rosemary to means of guarding off annoying pests. When they are compact, you can plant short-season crops like peas in betwixt sprouts. The best companion plants on the side of Brussel sprouts include:

  • Onion
  • Corn
  • Potatoes
  • Dill
  • Chamomile
  • Peas
  • Tomatoes
  • Beans
  • Garlic


Keep gone from the following plants:

  • Pole beans
  • Strawberries
  • Kohlrabi
  • Lettuce

How to Harvest and Store Brussel Sprouts 

When to Harvest

It’s most excellent to harvest in the late emptying or early winter. Buds will have existence large enough to eat – round 1-2 inches in size – depending attached the variety. Plants mature from the grounds up, so you may want to effect only part of the plant at a time. Grab the young coleworts and twist to remove. Plants devise continue to grow so that of recent origin sprouts may form. Days to perfection vary but it can range from 80-120 days for planting.


Brussel young coleworts last up to a few weeks kept in the fridge. Freezing is potential, but for most varieties, the test by the tongue and texture will suffer. If you divide off the entire stalk rather than harvesting deserved the buds, you can put the culm in water as you would a divide flower.

Seed Saving

Once worn out, remove the plants that have not performed well in conditions of yield. You don’t shortness to save seeds from underperforming plants. Let the felicitous plants overwinter.

In the wax of the plant’s second year, a offspring stalk will form and produce race pods. Once dried out and audibly rattling they be able to be removed and allowed to free from moisture out completely. Remove the seeds from the pods and replenish properly for future use.

If you withhold your Brussel sprout plants around other brassicas, you may be deficient to cage them to prevent cross-pollination. Otherwise, vegetable them away from each other.

A Tasty Brassica Worth the Effort

Brussel young coleworts have a bad reputation as a plant. Kids apparently hate them, and I perceive plenty of adults who still push them to the side of their plates. This negative copartnership confounds me.

I take it that many vegetables are disliked for people don’t know how to prepare them correctly. If your solely introduction to b-sprouts has been by way of a frozen package from the grocery supply, it’s no surprise that you cannot stand them. Frozen Brussel young coleworts are mushy and lack texture. Nothing beats freshly-picked young coleworts, though.

My husband, who is a self-professed Brussel shoot into branches hater now eats them when I prepare them sautéed in a pan by a bit of honey to say further sweetness and some cranberries to tag tartness.

Caramelizing Brussel young coleworts softens their strong cabbage-like flavor and mellows outright the bitterness. They’re also equally enjoyable roasted in the oven or shaved crude into a salad.

My darling way to eat them in roasted through olive oil, salt, and pepper to the time when crisp and added to a reap bowl with shredded chicken, cranberries, mashed carrots, and gravy.

Looking notwithstanding some recipes for your fresh brussel grow harvest? Here are a few ideas:

  • Roasted Brussel Sprouts
  • Shaved Brussel Sprout Salad
  • Chrissy Teigen’s Brussel Sprouts

Don’t slight that you can eat the foliage of the plant as well. Treat it like colewort.

Brussel sprouts are cost the effort once harvest time comes and you’re crunching into them at the dinner little table. Armed with a little knowledge, you’ll fall upon the little cabbages aren’t to the degree that challenging to grow as you may get heard. We’d love to perceive how you eat your sprouts – acknowledge us in the comments.


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